What is African Swine Flu, and Is the flu fatal to humans?

What is African Swine Flu, and Is the flu fatal to humans? So far more than two thousand pigs have died in Assam due to African swine flu.As of Monday, more than 2,500 pigs have been killed in about 306 villages in seven districts of Assam.

What is African Swine Flu, and Is the flu fatal to humans?

While the entire administration of the state government is engaged in dealing with the corona virus epidemic, the problems of the government have increased suddenly due to the occurrence of African swine flu in the state. The state government believes that for the first time such a case of African swine flu has come up in the state. It is a fatal disease that is currently seen only in domestic pigs and the death rate of pigs infected with this flu is reported to be hundred percent.

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First time found :

It was first detected in Africa in the 1920s. Earlier, Assam’s animal husbandry minister Atul Bora said on Sunday that the African swine flu disease was detected in late February this year, but the disease started in a village in China’s Zhijang province bordering Arunachal Pradesh last year. The disease swept through the entire Asian country and spread to MONGOLIA, VIETNAM, CAMBODIA and HONG KONG. Between 2016 and May 2019, there were a total of 10,211 outbreaks in Africa, Europe and Asia.

About African Swine Fever (ASF) :

It is the highly contagious and fatal animal disease that infects and leads to an acute form of hemorrhagic fever in domestic and wild pigs. ASF is not a threat to human beings it is only spreads from animals to other animals. ASF is the disease listed in the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code and thus, reported to the OIE.

About ASF Virus:

Virus is highly resistant to low temperature and can survive for extended periods of time in blood, feces and tissues of infected animals. ASF is a highly contagious trans boundary viral disease (Asfarviridae family, Asfivirus genus). According to the report, 24% of its member countries (48 out of 200) have reported the disease as present.
African Swine Fever can be transmitted through direct contact between sick and healthy animals. It can also be transmitted indirectly through feed containing meat from infected animals (the virus can remain infectious for 3 to 6 months in uncooked pork products). Biological vectors such as Bucks of the genus, Omithodorus and contaminated Inanimates objects that can transmit the virus.

Why in news ?

The centre has adviced the Assam state government to go for killing of pigs affected by the African Swine Flu (ASF). Earlier in April, There were reported deaths of pigs due to Classical Swine Flu (CSF). ASF and CSF are different from Swine Flu (H1N1) and do not affect human. CSF can be prevented by proper vaccination but there is no vaccination for ASF. Killing of the affected pigs is the only option.

Assam Livestock Corporation President Manoj Saikia told “More than two and a half thousand pigs have died due to African swine flu so far in 306 villages of the state. Most of these cases are from Upper Assam. Since so far for this flu, There is no definite vaccine or medicine, so we have devised a strategy to protect the pigs that have not been infected yet.

Veterinary Department, Collect samples of one kilometer of the affected area and bring them under scrutiny. Only those pigs that will be found infected will be killed. Earlier the samples were sent to the National Institute of High Security Veterinary Institute, Bhopal for testing But now it is gone to be done in our Veterinary Laboratory.

Taking the incident of pigs killed from African swine flu seriously, the Forest Department has taken several steps, from the protection of fauna in the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries present in the state, including the Guwahati Zoo.

How much danger to humans?

Can African Swine Flu Get Into Man’s Body With Pigs? Answering this question, Manoj Saikia says, “This is the first case of African swine flu in Assam and according to the information we have received so far, this flu is not spread in humans nor is this flu caused by Covid 19 disease”.

According to the animal husbandry minister, according to the state census in 2019, the population of pigs in Assam was 21 lakhs, which has increased to 30 lakhs at present. More than 2.5 million domestic pigs have died or been killed- 67.6% of them in Asia over the past 10 months.

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Steps being taken by Government :

Assam has banned the sale of pigs and pork in the affected districts. Along with this, the government has urged the neighboring states to stop the movement of pigs in their place, so that infection can be spread to other areas.

Taking the incident of pigs killed from African swine flu seriously, the Forest Department has taken several steps, from the protection of fauna in the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries present in the state, including the Guwahati Zoo.

Assam Minister for Forests Parimal Shuklaweed Taking all sorts of steps to ensure that the disease does not reach wildlife from domestic pigs The matter has been discussed. According to the information we have received so far, the African swine flu is only making the pigs sick. All the concerned divisions have been alerted. After this, we are sanitizing the zoo every other day. Presently, the zoo is closed, yet we keep a close watch on all the ways of spreading this disease as well as the protection of the forest life. It is engaged in making sure. However, apart from pig, this disease is less likely to spread in animals other than pig. “

According to the World Organization for Animal Health, African swine flu is a serious viral disease that affects both domestic and wild pigs. It can be spread by living or dead pigs or pork. Although this disease does not spread from animals to humans.

What is African Swine Flu, and Is the flu fatal to humans?

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